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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2545\margr4643\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2545\margrsxn4643\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li926\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx4795 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 TOLERATION : "DHAKQtfA"{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-20 165}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li5\fi0\ri0\sb226\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 :elics of the Buddha, originally deposited in eight structures; and to further the cause of Buddhism \expndtw4 settle the canon the Emperor convoked a council, \expndtw2 under the leadership of Moggaliputta Tissa,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li12\fi0\ri0\sb242\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 \\c?s Toleration}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li19\fi0\ri2\sb178\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 But though Asoka had himself embraced Bud-\expndtw4 a, he was by no means an intolerant zealot. On \expndtw6 ontrary, he bestowed due honours and patronage \expndtw9 11 the sects then prevailing. He granted cave-\expndtw3 ings to the Ajlvikas, and inculcated the virtues of \expndtw4 Jity and seemly behaviour towards the votaries \expndtw7 fferent creeds\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 Brahmanas, Samanas, Nirgran-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li34\fi127\ri34\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 etc. He believed that the followers of all sects \expndtw5 I at \super cc\nosupersub restraint of passions and purity of heart/\super 31}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li38\fi86\ri46\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 therefore, he desired that they should reside \expndtw6 where in his empire (R. E. VII).\super 1\nosupersub  Above all, he \expndtw1 ted-his subjects to exercise self-control, be "bahus-\i\super\expndtw0 9\nosupersub  \i0 i.e., have much information about the doctrines \expndtw-2 Ferent sects, and avoid disparaging any faith merely \expndtw6 attachment to one's own, so that there may be a \expndtw2 th in mutual reverence and toleration (R. E. XII).\super 2 \nosupersub\expndtw-2 , these are lofty sentiments, which may bring solace \expndtw4 to the modern distracted world.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li58\fi0\ri0\sb218\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 'Dhammtf*}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li62\fi0\ri60\sb166\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 )wing to this catholicity Asoka did not seek to \expndtw2 >e his personal religion upon the people. Indeed, \expndtw1 ere in his edicts does he mention the chief charac-\expndtw0 cs of Buddhism, to wit, the Four Noble Truths, the \expndtw-1 fold Path, and the goal of \i Nzbbdna \i0 or \i Nirvana. \i0 The}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li74\fi0\ri0\sb240\sa0\sl-199\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 ee, however, \i Artha&aStra \i0 (Bk. H, chs. iv & xsxvi, Shamasas-\expndtw0 ans, 3rd ed., pp. 54, 161)5 where Kautilya appears to restrict \expndtw1 it of \i thepasaxdas \i0 to reside in all places. \expndtw6\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 e Appendix I for the English rendering of R. E. XIL}\par }